Comics in General
Academic Resources
Collecting Guides
Countries / Regions
Genres / Kinds of Comics
How-To Guides
Interview Collections
Library Resources
News About Comics
Publishers & Groups
Subject Areas / Topics
Titles & Characters
Other Links


Contact / Media Relations 

Your purchases help support  
Amazon Logo
==Allied Resources ==
Genres / Kinds of Comics

A list of book-length, general studies on the history and criticism of comics genres. Individual book entries may include the book's Table of Contents, on-site reviews, review citations, and links to on-line information. If you'd like to suggest titles or contribute a review of one of these books, please contact us.

Entries marked New! or Revised! have been newly added or revised since October 1, 2010.

Abstract Comics

WebLink: Abstract Comics: The Blog: Companion to the book edited by Andrei Molotiu.


Lent, John A., compiler. 1994. Animation, Caricature, and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography. Forward by Maurice Horn. Bibliographies and Indexes in Popular Culture, Number 3. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press. 417 pp. ISBN 0-313-28681-7 (hc).

Sardi, Vincent, Jr. 1999. Off the Wall at Sardi's. Applause Books.

Shikes, Ralph E. and Steven Heller. 1984. The Art of Satire: Painters as Caricaturists and Cartoonists from Delacroix to Picaso. No place of publication given: Pratt Graphics Center and Horizon Press. ISBN 0818001410 (hc), 0818001429 (pb).

Wright, Thomas. 1968. A History of Caricature and Grotesque in Literature and Art. ("The orginal text is reprinted from the London edition of 1865 from a copy in the collections of The New York Public Library Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.") New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing. 508pp.

WebLink: CartoonHub: A National Hub for British Cartoons and Caricature: "[Carries] information about cartoon collections both in the United Kingdom and beyond, and about related activities such as conferences, new publications and other activities of interest to the research community."

Crime Comics

Benton, Mike. 1993. The Illustrated History of Crime Comics (Tatler History of Comics No.5). Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company.

Editorial / Political Cartoons

Atkinson, Diane. 1997. Funny Girls: Cartooning for Equality. Foreword by Betty Boothroyd. London: Penguin. 105 pp. ISBN 0-14-026699-2.

Colldeweih, Jack and Kalman Goldstein, eds. 1998. Graphic Opinions: Editorial Cartoonists and Their Art. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. 278pp. Paperback: ISBN-10: 0879727586; ISBN-13: 978-0879727581. Hardcover: ISBN-10: 0879727578; ISBN-13: 978-0879727574. 

Davidson, Steef. 1982. The Penguin Book of Political Comics. Trans. Hester and Marianne Velmans. [Beeldeen Storm: De Ontwikkeling van de Politieke Strip (Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1976).] Harmondsworth and New York: Penguin Books.

Forman, Dr. Maury and David Horsey, eds. Cartooning AIDS Around the World. Foreword by Congressman Jim McDermott; preface by Jerry Robinson and Jens Robinson. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1992. 123pp. ISBN 0-8403-7600-6 (paper).

Hess, Stephen and Sandy Northrop. 1996. Drawn & Quartered: The History of American Political Cartoons. Montgomery, AL: Elliott & Clark Publishing. 164pp. ISBN 1880216396 (hc). Buy It!

Lamb, Chris. 2004. Drawn to Extremes: The Use and Abuse of Editorial Cartoons in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.

Jordan. Edward J. 2005. Politics, Ink: How America's Cartoonists Skewer Politicians, from King George III to George Dubya. Rowman & Littlefield. Buy It!

Lent, John A., compiler. 1994. Animation, Caricature, and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography. Forward by Maurice Horn. Bibliographies and Indexes in Popular Culture, Number 3. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press.

Ricci, Michael and Joseph George Szabo, eds. 1992. Was It Worth It? A Collection of International cartoons about Columbus and His Trip to America. North Wales, PA: WittyWorld Publications. 112pp. ISBN 0-9631600-0-1 (paper).

A Sense of Permanence? Essays on the Art of the Cartoon. 1997. Celebrating the 21st Anniversary of The Centre for the Study of Cartoons and Caricature. University of Kent at Canterbury: The Centre for the Study of Cartoons and Caricature.

Westin, Alan F., ed. and intro. 1979. Getting Angry Six Times a Week: A Portfolio of Political Cartoons: 14 Major Cartoonists. Profiles by Albert Roberts and Randall Rothenberg. Boston: Beacon Press. Buy It!

Graphic Novels

Baetens, Jan, ed. 2001. The Graphic Novel . Symbolae Facultatis Litterarum Lovaniensis - Series D - Volume 13. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Fingeroth, Danny. 2008. The Rough Guide to Graphic Novels. Rough Guides / Penguin.

Gravett, Paul. 2005. Graphic Novels: Stories to Change Your Life. London: Aurum, 2005. 192pp. ISBN 1845130685 (paper). New York: Collins Design, 2005. Author's Website Buy It!

Kannenberg, Gene Jr. 2008. 500 Essential Graphic Novels: The Ultimate Guide. NY: Collins Design. also East Sussex: ILEX.

Rothschild, D. Aviva. 1995. Graphic Novels: A Bibliographic Guide to Full-Length Comics. Libraries Unlimited.

Sabin, Roger. 1996. Comics, Comix, & Graphic Novels: A History of Comic Art . London: Phaidon Press.

Weiner, Stephen. 2003. Faster Than a Speeding Bullet: The Rise of the Graphic Novel.  Introduction [sic] by Will Eisner. New York: NBM.

Horror Comics

Barker, Martin. 1992. A Haunt of Fears. London: Pluto Press, 1984. Rpt. Jackson and London: University Press of Mississippi.

Benton, Mike. Horror Comics: The Illustrated History (Tatler History of Comic No. 1). Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company.

Sennitt, Stephen. 1999. Ghastly Terror!: The Horrible Story of the Horror Comics. Manchester, UK: Headpress.

Ligne clair ("clear line")

WebLink: Wikipedia entry


Allison, Anne. 1996. Permitted and Prohibited Desires: Mothers, Comics, and Censorship in Japan. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 225 pp. ISBN 0813316987 (hc), 0813331277 (paper).

Amano, Masanao. Manga Design. 2004. Köln: Taschen. 576pp. ISBN 3822825913 (paper, with DVD).

Gravett, Paul. 2004. Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics. London: Lawrence King / New York: Harper Design International. 176pp. ISBN 1856693910 (paper). Author's websiteBuy It!

Gresh, Lois H., and Robert Weinberg. 2005. The Science of Anime: Mecha-Noids and AI-Super-Bots. Thunder's Mouth Press. 256pp. ISBN-10: 1560257687; ISBN-13: 978-1560257684 (pb).

Groensteen, Thierry. [1991?]  L'Univers des Mangas: Une Introduction ā la Bande Dessinée Japonaise . Casterman. 144pp.

Kinsella, Sharon. 2000. Adult Manga: Culture and Power in Contemporary Japanese Society . Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. ISBN 0700710043 (paper). Buy It!

Lehmann, Timothy R. 2005. Manga: Masters of the Art. New York: Collins Design - Harper Collins. 255pp. ISBN 10: 0060833319, 13: 9780060833312 (pb). Buy It!

Lent, John A., ed. 1999. Themes and Issues in Asian Cartooning: Cute, Cheap, Mad and Sexy. Bowling Green, OH: Popular Press. 212pp. ISBN 0879727799 (cloth), 0879727802 (paper).  Buy It!

Lent, John A., ed. 2001. Illustrating Asia: Comics, Humor Magazines, and Picture Books. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 249pp. ISBN 0824824717 (cloth). Buy It!

MacWilliams, Mark W., ed. 2008.
Japanese Visual Culture: Explorations in the World of Manga and Anime. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Patten, Fred. 2004. Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. Foreword by Carl Macek. Stone Bridge Press. 383pp. ISBN-10: 1880656922; ISBN-13: 978-1880656921 (paperback). 

Schodt, Frederik L. 1983. Manga! Manga! The World of Japanese Comics. Foreword by Osamu Tezuka. Tokyo, New York, and San Francisco: Kodansha International.

Schodt, Frederik L. 1996. Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge P.

WebLink: Anime and Manga Research Circle discussion list

WebLink: JAI2 : The World of Frederik L. Schodt, with much information on manga.

WebLink: Kyoto International Manga Museum, including extensive English-language information. See also Christopher Butcher's review, with photos, at Comics212.

WebLink: Mechademia: "academic journal for writing about anime, manga and the 'fan arts,'" published by University of Minnesota Press, edited by Frenchy Lunning.

WebLink: Online Bibliography of Anime and Manga Research, incorporating the Anime/Manga Web Essay Archive.

WebLink: Sharon Kinsella Publications, with on-line articles on various aspects of manga and Japanese culture.

WebLink: Wikipedia entry

On-Line / Web Comics

WebLink: Comics in the Post-Peanuts Era: by Jason Silverman, Wired, Jun 18, 2001.

WebLink: See You in the Funny Papers: by Jason Silverman, Wired, Jun 18, 2001.

Political Cartoons
Editorial Cartoons)

Romance Comics

Benson, John. 2007. Confessions, Romances, Secrets and Temptations: Archer St. John and the St. John Romance Comics. Seattle: Fantagraphics. 96pp. ISBN-10: 1560977914; ISBN-13: 978-1560977919 

Nolan, Michelle. 2008. Love on the Racks: A History of American Romance Comics. McFarland & Company. ISBN-10: 0786435194; ISBN-13: 978-0786435197 (hardcover).

Robbins, Trina. 1999. From Girls to Grrrlz: A History of Women's Comics From Teens to Zines.  San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0811821994 (paper). 

WebLink: Sequential Crush - Blog by Jacque Nodell.

WebLink: "Whatever Happened to Romance Comics?" - on-line essay by Matt Thorn.

Science Fiction Comics

Benton. Mike. 1992. Science Fiction Comics: The Illustrated History (Tatler History of Comics No. 3). Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company.

Westfahl, Gary. 2000. Science Fiction, Children's Literature, and Popular Culture: Coming of Age in Fantasyland. Greenwood Press. 176pp. ISBN 0313308470 (hc). Buy It!

Super Heroes (Superheroes, Super Villains, Supervillains)

Bell, John. 1992. Guardians of the North : The National Superhero in Canadian Comic-Book Art . Ottawa: National Archives of Canada (Canadian Museum of Caricature). 53 pp.

Benton. Mike. 1991. Superhero Comics of the Silver Age: The Illustrated History. [Tatler History of Comics No. 2.] Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company. 224pp. ISBN 0987337466 (hc).

Benton, Mike. 1992. Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. [Tatler History of Comics No. 4.] Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company.

Brewer, H. Michael. 2004. Who Needs a Superhero?: Finding Virtue, Vice, and What's Holy in the Comics. Baker Books. 224pp. ISBN 0801065100. *O*

Brown, Jeffrey A. 2001. Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, and Their Fans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. 232pp.ISBN 1578062810 (cloth), 1578062829 (paper).

Browne, Ray B. and Marshall W. Fishwick, eds. 1983. The Hero in Transition. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green U Popular Press. 324pp. ISBN: 0879722371 (cloth), 087972238X (paper).

Bukatman, Scott. 2003. Matters of Gravity: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century. Durham: Duke University Press. 279pp. ISBN 0822331322 (hc). *O*

Conroy, Mike. 500 Great Comic Book Action Heroes. Foreword by Will Eisner. 376pp. ISBN 0764125818 (paper). Buy It!

Coogan, Peter. 2006. Superhero: The Secret Origin of a Genre. Introduction by Denny O'Neil. Austin, TX: Monkeybrain Books. 290pp. ISBN-10: 193226518X, ISBN-13: 9781932265187 (paper).

Fingeroth, Danny. 2004. Superman on the Couch: What Superheroes Really Tell Us about Ourselves and Our Society. New York & London: Continuum. 192pp. ISBN 0826415393 (hardcover); 0826415407 (paper).

Fingeroth, Danny. 2007. Disguised as Clark Kent: Jews, Comics, and the Creation of the Superhero. Foreword by Stan Lee. Popular Culture and Television series. New York & London: Continuum. 192pp. ISBN-10: 0826417671; ISBN13: 978-0826417671 (hardcover).

Garrett, Greg. 2005. Holy Superheroes: Exploring Faith and Spirituality in Comic Books. Navpress Publishing Group. 191pp. ISBN 1576835766 (paper).

Gifford, Denis. Super Duper Supermen!

Gresh, Lois H. and Robert Weinberg. 2002. The Science of Superheroes. John Wiley & Sons. 224pp. ISBN 0471024600 (cloth -Buy It!), 0471024600 (paper -Buy It!).

Gresh, Lois H. and Robert Weinberg. 2004. The Science of Supervillains. John Wiley & Sons. 224pp. ISBN 0471482056 (cloth -Buy It!), B0007L871G (ebook -Buy It!).

Inness, Sherrie A., ed. 2004. Action Chicks: New Images of Tough Women in Popular Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 293pp. ISBN 1403964033 (cloth), 1403963967 (paper). Buy It!

Jacobs, Will, and Gerard Jones. 1985. The Comic Book Heroes: From the Silver Age to the Present . New York: Crown Publishers. [See Jones 2002 for revised edition.]

Jones, Dudley and Tony Watkins, eds. 2000. A Necessary Fantasy?: The Heroic Figure in Children's Popular Culture. ( Garland reference library of the humanities; v. 1873 - Children's literature and culture; v. 18.) New York and London: Garland. 410pp. ISBN 0815318448 (hc). Buy It!

Jones, Gerard. 2002. Killing Monsters: Why Children Need Fantasy, Super Heroes, and Make-Believe Violence. Foreword by Lynn Ponton, M.D. New York: Basic Books / Perseus. 261pp. ISBN: 0465036953 (cloth).

Jones, Gerard, and Will Jacobs. 1996. The Comic Book Heroes . [Revised edition of Jacobs and Jones, The Comic Book Heroes .] Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing.

Kakalios, James. 2005. The Physics of Superheroes. Gotham. 384pp.ISBN 1592401465 (hardcover). Buy It!

Kaveney, Roz. 2008. Superheroes!: Capes and Crusaders in Comics and Films. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN-10: 1845115694; ISBN-13: 978-1845115692 (paperback).

Klock, Jeff. 2002. How to Read Superhero Comics and Why. Continuum. 256pp. ISBN 0826414192 (paper).

Lagerstedt, Ilpo. 1991. Supersankarit. Ilmiö amerikkalaisessa sarjakuvassa. Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu. ISBN 9516922732.

McCue, Greg S., with Clive Bloom. 1993. Dark Knights: The New Comics in Context . London and Boulder, CO: Pluto Press.

Morris, Tom and Matt Morris, eds. 2005. Superheroes and Philosophy: Truth, Justice, and the Socratic Way. Popular culture and philosophy. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court Publishing Co. 281pp. ISBN 0812695739 (paper). Buy It!

O'Neil, Dennis. The Super Comics. 1980 New York: Scholastic Book Services.

Reynolds, Richard. 1994. Superheroes: A Modern Mythology. London: B.T. Batsford, 1992. Rpt. Jackson and London: University Press of Mississippi.

Robbins, Trina. 1996. The Great Women Superheroes . Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink Press. 210pp. ISBN 0878164820 (cloth), 0878164812 (paper).

Robinson, Lilian. 2004. Wonder Women: Feminisms and Superheroes. New York & London: Routledge. 148pp. ISBN 0415966310 (hc); 0415966329 (paper).

Rosenberg, Robin, ed. 2008. The Psychology of Superheroes: An Unauthorized Exploration. Psychology of Popular Culture series. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books. 272pp. ISBN-10: 1933771313; ISBN-13: 978-1933771311 (paperback).

The Rough Guide to Superheroes. 2004. Ed. Paul Simpson, Helen Rodiss, and Michaela Bushell. London: Rough Guides/Haymarket. 320pp. ISBN 1843533863 (paper). Buy It!

Rovin, Jeff. 1985. Encyclopedia of Superheroes. New York and Oxford: Facts on File.

Rovin, Jeff. 1987. Encyclopedia of Super Villains. New York and Oxford: Facts on File. 416pp. ISBN: 081601356X (cloth); 0916018995 (paper).

Schumer, Arlen. 2003. The Silver Age of Comic Book Art. Collector's Press. ISBN: 1888054867 (hardcover - 192pp.), 1888054859 (softcover - 176pp.).

Wandtke, Terrence R. 2007. The Amazing Transforming Superhero! Essays on the Revision of Characters in Comic Books, Film and Television. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. 

Weinstein, Simcha. 2006. Up, Up, and Oy Vey!: How Jewish History, Culture, and Values Shaped the Comic Book Superhero. Leviathan Press.

Wood, Susan. 1989. The Poison Maiden & the Great Bitch: Female Sterotypes in Marvel Superhero Comics. Baltimore, MD: T-K Graphics, 1974. Rpt.: Essays on Fantastic Literature no. 5. San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press. 28pp. ISBN 0893705373. Buy It!

Zimmerman, David A. 2004. Comic Book Character: Unleasing the Hero in Us All. InterVarsity Press. 160pp. ISBN 08308-32602. Publisher's information

WebLink: Golden Age Heroes Directory : By Jess Nevins.

WebLink: Guardians of the North : National Library of Canada/National Archives of Canada exhibit on Canadian superheroes. In English and French.

WebLink: Hallmark's Superhero Christmas Ornaments 1993-1997 : Maintained by Mike Rhode. (Comics Stuff #1)

WebLink: Museum of Black Superheroes : Large and informative site, by Omar Bilal

WebLink: They Fight Crime! : A nonsense-engine by Andrew Wheeler

WebLink: We Stand on Guard for Thee : Canadian Comic Book Heroes.

Tijuana Bibles / "Eight-Pagers"

see also About Comics > Sex/Eroticism)

Andelman, Bob. 1997. Tijuana Bibles: Art and Wit in America's Forbidden Funnies, 1930s-1950s. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Tijuana Bibles: America's Forgotten Comic Strips. 1998. R. C. Harvey, introduction. Eros Comics.

Pilcher, Tim, with Gene Kannenberg, Jr. 2008. Erotic Comics: A Graphic History from Tijuana Bibles to Zap Comix. Introduction by Aline Kominsky Crumb. NY: Abrams, 2008. also: East Sussex, UK: ILEX, 2008.

WebLink: Information and scans of TBs. Adult content

Underground / Alternative Comix

Estren, Mark James. 1974. A History of Underground Comics .  San Francisco: Straight Arrow Books. rpt Ronin Publishing, 1993.

Hatfield, Charles. 2005. Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1578067189 (hardcover - Buy It!), 1578067197 (paper - Buy It!). Author's website - Publisher's website

Levin, Bob. 2003. The Pirates and the Mouse: Disney's War Against the Counterculture.  Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books.

Rosenkranz, Patrick. 2002. Rebel Visions: The Underground Comix Revolution, 1963-1975. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books.

Sabin, Roger, ed. 1999. Punk Rock: So What? The Cultural Legacy of Punk. London and New York: Routledge.

Sabin, Roger, and Teal Triggs, eds. 2002. Below Critical Radar: Fanzines and Alternative Comics from 1976 to Now. Hove: Slab-O-Concrete. Buy It!

Skinn, Dez. 2004. Comix: The Underground Revolution.  New York: Thunder's Mouth Press.

Willis, Steve. Folkomix: A Catalog of Underground, Newave, and Small Press Comix in the Washington State University Rare Books Collection. Pullman, Wash: Morty Dog Publishing House.

WebLink: Sir Real's Underground Comix Classix: Catalog, links list, and more.

WebLink: UnderGround COMIX.INFO: Great resource.

WebLink: Weirdos and Eightballs: A Report on Adult Comics and Their Readers: by Alistair Strachan. Lengthy essay on the relationship between underground comix and audience.

War Comics

Savage, William W. Jr. 1990. Comic Books and America, 1945-1954 . Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press.

Savage, William W. Jr. 1998. Commies, Cowboys, and Jungle Queens: Comic Books and America, 1945-1954. Wesleyan. 151pp.Rpt. Comic Books and America, 1945-1954. Not yet seen to confirm if the book contains any additional material. 

Western Comics

Horn, Maurice. 1978. Comics of the American West. South Hackensack, NJ: Stoeger Publishing Company.

Savage, William W. Jr. 1990. Comic Books and America, 1945-1954. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press.

Savage, William W. Jr. 1998. Commies, Cowboys, and Jungle Queens: Comic Books and America, 1945-1954. Wesleyan. 151pp. Rpt. Comic Books and America, 1945-1954. (Not yet seen to confirm if the book contains any additional material.)

Wordless Comics / Mute Comics / Silent Comics

Beronä, David A. 2008. Wordless Books: The Original Graphic Novels. Introduction by Peter Kuper. Abrams.

WebLink: Stories Without Words: A listing from Michigan State University's Comic Art Collection.

WebLink: Stories Without Words: A Bibliography with Annotations : Maintained by Michael Rhode, Tom Furtwangler & David Wybenga.  (Comics Stuff #7)

WeblLink: Wordless Books: The Original Graphic Novels by David A. Beronä


Sabin, Roger, and Teal Triggs, eds. 2002. Below Critical Radar: Fanzines and Alternative Comics from 1976 to Now. Hove: Slab-O-Concrete. Buy It!

WebLink: The Andy Roberts Memorial Collection of Comics and Zines, at the National Art Library at the Victoria & Albert Museum -maintained by Jenni Scott.

New!WebLink: Papercut Zine Library, lending library at 226 Pearl, Somerville MA, USA.

WebLink: Sarah Dyer Zine Collection, ca. 1985-1999 at Duke University's Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

WebLink: University of California Riverside Libraries - Special Collections - including - with two fanzine collections

WebLink: Zine Collections at the University of Iowa - including a brief history of the form.

Copyright Information 
This Page Last Updated October 1, 2010.